India is a vast country and is known for its diverse geographical features. The landscape of this country can be divided into six physiographic regions: Himalayan mountains in Northern India, the Thar Desert in Western India, Peninsular Deccan Plateau in Southern India, Indo-Gangetic Plains in Northern & Eastern India, Coastal Plains on either side of the Deccan Plateau, and Islands. Due to different geographical features, each region of India has distinct characteristics in terms of climate and vulnerability.
Himalayan Mountain ranges in northern India and the Great Indian Thar Desert in the western part of the country significantly affect the weather and climate of India. The mountains of the mighty Himalayas act as a barrier to winds emanating and coming from Central Asia and China. This makes the climate of India warmer than other countries of like latitudes.
North India is known for having a continental climate with scorching summers and chilly winters. The coastal regions of India usually do not experience chilly winters. These regions have warmer temperatures throughout the year with little variations and frequent rainfall.
India has predominantly three seasons—Summer, Monsoon, and Winter. March to June are the months of summers with dry and hot climates. July to October is the months of monsoons. November to February period is the months of winters with a dry and cool climate. Due to diverse features, different regions of India many observe seasons in different months.
The average temperature in summer ranges from 28 °C (82 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F). Average annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 millimetres for most parts of the country. But average annual rainfall in some parts of the northwest can be quite low — 150 to 300 millimetres. The average annual fall in the northeast and the west coast can be very high—1,500 to 2,500 millimetres.
HOTTEST TIME OF INDIA
The expected high temperatures in Southern India is in April, however, Temperature remains in mid-twenties all the year around and even in winterers too. Meanwhile, the hottest month in the northern India is May and June, where highest temperature is between 40 to 50 degree celsius in Rajasthan.
COOLEST TIME OF INDIA
Temperatures are lower in December and January in northern parts of India. Hence if you wish to visit the Famous Taj Mahal and Rajasthan, the winter months are the best time to visit. It’s tricky to explore this Region in the hot summer temperatures.
MONSOON TIME OF INDIA
Beginning of Monsoon Season Starts in the south of the country, then the monsoon spreads towards north and central part of India, India witnesses its monsoon season between June to September. July and August are rainiest months of all. Beach holiday in Kerala or Goa, is not advised even during August and September, as monsoon remains extended here.
DRY SEASON OF INDIA
The monsoon and extended Monsoon is over by the end of October, and the weather remains dry until the next monsoon season starts again at the beginning of June. If you wish to visit The North India for its Forts and Palace and its Impressive Wildlife, visit between October and March when it’s all super-green from the recent rains and Temperatures within it’s limits. If you are looking for a beach holiday, Temples Tours and Wildlife tour in the Southern Parts of India, plan to visit around February and April when it gets sunnier. Meanwhile, chilled-out, sunny Beach holidays in Goa are best between November and February.